Hemorrhoids are masses or lumps formed due to swollen blood vessels inside or outside the rectum. In severe stages, they may become infected or protrude from the anus (prolapsed hemorrhoid) and require surgical removal. The procedure used to treat or remove hemorrhoids is termed hemorrhoidectomy.
Rubber band ligation
A rubber band is tied around the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off the blood supply so they disappear in a few days. This may be performed in your doctor’s office without the need for anesthesia.