Laparoscopic procedures are performed as keyhole or minimally invasive surgeries. As opposed to a large incision made during the conventional open surgery, a minimally invasive procedure requires 3 to 4 small incisions. A laparoscope, a narrow instrument with a camera and light source attached to its tip, is inserted into one of the incisions. The camera helps the surgeon view the operative site on a large monitor. Surgical instruments are inserted through the other incisions to perform the laparoscopic surgery.